Zebra Finch Full Information- Diet, Care, and Breeding

Zebra Finch Information

Length Size: 4inches (10cm)

Weight: 15 to 20grams

Lifespan: 5 year

Zebra finch is one of the most popular finches kept as a pet. Finches are native to Australia.

This species is the best choice for new bird lovers as easy to care.

There are many finch species, which are beautiful and brightly colored. Some of them are easier to keep successfully than zebra finches.

Habitat and Lifestyle:

Zebra finch is commonly found in drier areas of Australia. They are social birds; they live in large flocks.

During the breeding season, all birds are paired up to raise their offspring and be seen in small or medium-sized flocks.

Diet Nutrition:

 In the wild, finch’s food seeds from plants, weeds, pine cones, and berries. They feed in large flocks on fallen or ripening grass seeds.

Their beaks are well adjusted for dehusking seeds. These birds also eat greens, including Alfalfa, romaine lettuce, and dandelion.

Provide a variety of fresh fruits, vegetables, and live foods such as insects. The finch family like chopped fruits. Serve Egg food must in a week. It is essential for all breeding birds.


White millet, Foxtail millet, Proso millet, and canary seeds are favorite foods for them. A diet that contains nutritional content is essential for the good health of finches.

Pellet is a formulated food source that can be given as a well-balanced diet. You can use a teaspoon of pelleted food daily.

During the breeding season, eating insects is beneficial to ensure healthy young.

Cuttlefish bone is the best source of calcium for all birds. It must be provided to birds. You can also give Multivitamins Supplements on the need of a bird. (Always consult with your avian before using a supplement).

Provide fresh drinking water daily. Must be clean the waterpots daily.


Cock zebra finch: have red beak, black eye strip (teardrop), orange check patches, white space with tear-drop along beak, back throat stripes and breast bar, chestnut-colored side “flank feathers” with white spots.

Hen Zebra Finch: These are uniformly grey. Orange beak. No Visual markings, except eye strip teardrop.

Juveniles are similar to females, but their beaks are dark grey, and their eyes are grey-brown.

The Male is an enthusiastic singer, while the female does not sing. 

Zebra finch Breeding:

Eggs Per Clutch: 4 to 8(usually 5)

Incubation Period: 14 to 16 days

Fledge Date: 14 to 18 days(after hatching)

Independent: 35days

The breeding of zebra finches is so easy than other finch birds. They adjust quickly to the new home. Female select the next box, but both birds care for the eggs and young.

Whereas the male collects all of the nesting materials, and the female builds the loose-dome-shaped nest.

Breeding season for these birds usually arises after massive rainfalls. Zebra finch constructs both roosting (perch, resting place) and breeding nest.

The former is dome-shaped, has a large entrance on the side, and lacks an entrance tunnel. This nest helps the birds conserve body heat. 

Image source : William Warby

The average number of eggs females lay in a clutch may be 4 to 8 (usually 5) eggs over a period of few days.

Both parents incubate the eggs until hatching, which occurs about 14 to 16 days after laying. Chicks are covered (fledge) after almost two weeks after hatching.

During this time, chicks are dependent on their parents. During incubation, males are extremely protective of females and don’t allow any outsiders near the nest.

After four to five weeks, chicks are independent and ready to leave the nest. This time, many Parents-females will be ready for a new clutch.

After almost 70 to 80 days, these young are prepared to form pair bonds and breed.

Cage for zebra finch:

They can breed successfully in a small cage, but a large cage, colony, or aviary is preferred.

The ideal cage size for zebra finches at least 30” long, 18” in width and height, including perches, but maintain room to fly.

These birds mostly get straight-line flights. Make sure the cage you provided to birds is large enough for flying.

Temperature Control:

The body temperature range for this bird from 38oC to 44oC (100 to 111oF), rising with increasing air temperatures.

Zebra finches cannot tolerate body temperature over 45.

Temperature over 45oC can cause the death of this bird within an hour. Provide a small water bowl for bathing.

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