- Common Names: Moustached parakeet, mustache parakeet, java parakeet, red-breasted parakeet
- Scientific Name: Psittacula alexandri
- Adult size: 13 in.
- Life Span: 20-25 years
- Weight: 130-140 gram
Moustache parakeet is a beautiful and attractive bird also known as a red-breasted parakeet.
The Moustache parakeet got its name from its particular feathers above the beak which glance like a well-groomed mustache.
This bird is good for keeping as a pet with a unique personality that every bird lover enjoys. There are different subspecies of mustache parakeet.
Origin and history
Mustached parakeets are native to the islands of Indonesia and China. But now their feral population is spreading to many areas of the world.
In the wild, this species lives in mountains, hills, and woodlands and gather in flocks. But, in breeding season all parrots are pair up and find a nest cavity.
In the wild, mustache parakeets eat berries, fruits, seeds, and blossoms. Like other pet birds, it is essential to feed them a variety of nutritional diet that’s included on pellets, seeds, fruits, vegetables, and other treats.
A balanced diet is important to keep parrots healthy and active. Seasonal fruits and vegetables should be given on daily basis.
Always wash and dry before serving pet birds. Orange, Apple, Strawberries, Melon are the favorite fruits of Moustache parrots.
1/4 cup of pelleted food should also be provided to birds. Add some other treats such as corn, boiled egg, boiled rice, and sprouts on weekly basis.
Give in a separate dish and don’t leave for a long time.
Remove uneaten food to prevent spoil. Never feed Avocado, Dairy products, Alcohol, and chocolate.
Read Related: Indian ringneck parrot diet list
Mustache parrots are dimorphic species, which means males and females can be identified by how they look. They have beautiful greenish-blue tail feathers.
Males: They have bright pink breasts, long tail feathers, and an orange beak with a yellow tip.
Females: They have duller pink color on breast and short tail feathers than males. Females have black beaks that distinguish both sexes from each other.
Immature birds have light pink beaks, shorter tails, and incomplete cheek strips. Males and Females both have gray skin on their feet. Feathers of wings have yellow patches intermixed with lime green.
Moustache parakeets are medium size birds with long tails. They require a large cage to fly and maintain their health.
You should provide a small macaw or alexandrine parakeet cage to them. The minimum size of their cage is 3 x 2 x 3 ft. You can give a large cage from this according to your budget.
The wire of the cage should be 10 or 12 gauge because these parrots can easily break the thin wire.
The bar spacing should be no more than half an inch otherwise, the parrot could get its head stuck.
The cage should have a grill on the bottom to ensure that the parrot doesn’t have access to spoiled food and its droppings. Wooden perches of 1-inch or 3 diameters must be placed at different levels.
Be careful, don’t place water or food bowls under perches.
Provide toys, swing for the pet bird’s enhancement. It is recommended to keep breeding pairs in an outdoor aviary.
The breed of moustache parakeet is a little more difficult, as compared to other species. They reach the maturity age between 2 or 3 years.
Mostly red-breasted parrots breed in spring just earlier than the hotter months, this could vary based on location. Females usually singing before eggs laying.
Java-Moustache parakeets like deeper vertical boxes. A ladder should be placed in a nesting box from hole to bottom to ensure that females do not jump on their eggs.
A breeding box must have a side door to check the eggs or babies once they are laid.
When the female on laying she will spend many hours in the breeding box. During this, the owner might be hearing scratching and chewing inside the box.
Most females lay 3-4 eggs and incubate them for approximately 23 to 25 days. Nesting material should be placed in the breeding box to prevent eggs from rolling or break during incubation.
Sometimes hen’s remove it, but you have to replace the wood shavings again into the box.
Baby mustached parakeet will wean around 10 to 12 weeks. Most breeders take the babies out for hand-feeding when the oldest chick is 15 days old.
A Flying cage is necessary to keep birds happy. Set the cage in birds friendly place. Provide them nutritional diet. Water and food bowls should be wash daily.
The floor of the cage must be cleaned every next day. The entire enclosure should be disinfected at least once a year.
Keep away from direct sunlight in the summer season, although give them a sunbath twice a week for 1 hour on normal days.
These are not good as a pet for the whole family. However, if you are a single person or bird caretaker then this would be your most loyal companion.
Suitable temperature for these parrots around 70o F (20oC).
Red-breasted parakeets are relatively healthy birds, but they can be susceptible to a few conditions:
- Psittacosis – parrot fever or a disease caused by the chlamydia bacteria.
- Polyomavirus a deadly avian virus that can cause skin problems.
- Aspergillosis a fungal disease
- Vitamin A deficiency
- Bacterial Infection can cause pneumonia.
Mustache Parakeet cost:
The price of a bird depends on some factors such as breeder, age, and time of the year. But the cost of a red-breasted parakeet is around about $400 to $600.
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